O. R. Tambo International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAOR, formerly FAJS) (ORTIA) is a major international airport in Kempton Park, Ekurhuleni, Gauteng, South Africa, near the city of Johannesburg and, to a lesser extent, the executive capital Pretoria. The airport was founded in 1952 as "Jan Smuts Airport" (former South African Prime Minister) two years after his death, near the town of Kempton Park on the East Rand. It replaced the "Palmietfontein International Airport," which had handled European flights since 1945. The airport was renamed Johannesburg International Airport in 1994 when the ending of apartheid and later was renamed on 27 October 2006 as "Oliver Reginald Tambo" a former President of the ANC. JNB airport It serves as the primary airport for domestic and international travel to/from South Africa and is Africa's busiest airport with a capacity to handle up to 28 million passengers annually with non-stop flights to all continents except Antarctica. The airport is the hub of South Africa's largest international and domestic carrier, South African Airways (SAA), and a number of smaller local airlines.