Space Coast Regional Airport (IATA: TIX, ICAO: KTIX, FAA LID: TIX) is in Titusville, Florida on Columbia Boulevard (State Road 405) and Washington Avenue (U.S. 1) in Brevard County. Formerly known as Ti-Co (Titusville-Cocoa) Airport, it is the nearest commercial airport to the Kennedy Space Center. In 1943 the U.S. Government built the airport on land jointly owned by both cities. The airfield had two 5,000 feet (1,500 m) x 150 feet (46 m) runways with a taxiway system. The U.S. Government developed the airport to serve as an outlying field (OLF) to Naval Air Station Sanford during World War II . Having previously used military facilities on nearby Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) began development of its own civilian manned launch facilities, in what became the John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC), on Merritt Island in the early 1960s. The location of the airport made it important to the transportation of NASA personnel and equipment. Eastern Airlines 727s and DC-9s stopped at Titusville from 1970 to 1974.